Saturday, February 11, 2012

This Day in History February 11, 1990

What a day.  On this date in 1990, Nelson Mandela, leader of the movement to end the apartheid in South Africa was released after 27 years in prison.  I remember hearing about Nelson Mandela as I grew up, but I don't think I understood everything that was going on.

In 1947, Nelson Mandela joined the African National Conference, and he became the leader of the youth wing of this organization.  He was a proponent of nonviolence to end the apartheid government until the white supremacy began to kill blacks that were peacefully protesting the government. So in 1960, he began to organize guerrilla warfare against the racist government.

In 1961, he was arrested for treason.  There were subsequent arrests and trials that landed him in the worst prison--he had a solitary cell with no plumbing, and he was forced to do hard labor.  In 1989, the apartheid was finally overturned.   In 1993, Mandela was one of the recipients of the Nobel Peace prize.

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